A comparison between the european urban hermitage and the american transformation
It is common knowledge that European cities are much smaller and denser than American cities. But, the question is, why is this so? There are many reasons for it that actually make a lot of sense. Perhaps the first and most important cause for urban density in Europe is the high price of gas.
Its blocks are all medium-size squares and regular rectangles. An example from the second group is Athens in Greece.
19th Century European & American Art - Art Appraisers
These cities are composed mostly of small blocks with a broad distribution of shapes. Most cities that Louf and Barthelemy studied fall into the third group. Like the second group, the blocks in the cities have a broad distribution of shapes.
However, they tend to be larger than the blocks in Athens. This third group contains several subgroups.
One of these contains 68 percent of all the American cities that Louf and Barthelemy studied. By contrast, all of the European cities, except Athens, fall into another subgroup. There is one final group, represented by Mogadishu in Somalia, made up almost entirely of small square-shaped blocks with a sprinkling of small rectangles. Louf and Barthelemy then go further and study the difference between neighborhoods in a city, which can have dramatically different styles.
Top research papers in computer science
A striking example of this is the Eixample district in Barcelona, which is very different from other parts of the city. As an example, the researchers measured the unique fingerprints of the boroughs of New York City: They say that Staten Island and the Bronx have similar fingerprints. Manhattan has a unique fingerprint based on a grid structure Design teaching in portugal essay by two types of rectangles.
Brooklyn and the Queens also have unique signatures reflecting the shape of the rectangles that make up their grid-like structure. One limitation of this approach is how neighborhoods themselves are defined, usually as administrative districts rather than architectural ones. Louf and Barthelemy say an interesting avenue for future research would be to find a way of determining the boundaries of neighborhoods based on their layout classification.
The ability to classify cities in this way will come as something of a revelation to travelers who have long noticed the visual similarities and differences between cities all over the world.
Top 10 differences between Europe and America
The inability to classify these associations has always been something of an embarrassment for city planners. Now that it is possible, the applications are many. For example, it gives city planners a way of comparing their designs against existing cities and neighborhoods. A planner wanting to reproduce the neighborhood structure of San Francisco while avoiding the structure of Kansas City, now has a way to objectively assess future designs.
As such, comments and submissions that do not promote discussion of literature will be removed; this includes superficial comments and submissions that lack substance as well as unsolicited "meta"-comments about the subreddit. Brand loyalty papers research
Flair Please add flair tags to all posts. These can be added using the "flair" button under your title. No pics or memes Do not submit purely image links. No "inspirational" quotes Do not post quotes or excerpts from a work without analyzing it.
No silly videos Do not submit videos vaguely related to literature. No advertising Do not submit publisher press releases, online bookstore referrals, or other forms of advertising. No homework Do not request help on homework assignments or with creating a curriculum.
This includes posting surveys. No book requests Do not post requests for book recommendations.
What are the differences between Americans and Europeans? - Quora
This includes editions and translations. Really, no book requests Please do not submit posts simply asking for the names of authors or titles of books you've forgotten. No spoilers Please avoid uncensored spoilers.