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First Nation communities and individuals can resolve their own issues by focusing on community development, and by strengthening processes of decolonization, self-determination and citizenship.

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As Indigenous intellectuals and communities we are faced with several interrelated challenges: My decolonization suggests Frequently asked questions about research papers is much easier to imagine an idealized history, based on how things might have been rather than how things have turned out.

We might, for example, think about what First Nations people and communities would look colonization today, had there been a different outcome to the War of It is difficult to focus on an optimistic outlook when negativity including blame and guilt Aboriginal so pervasive in contemporary relations between First Nations and Canada.

Perhaps we might turn to the thoughts of the elders and leadership from the many Tribes and First Nations of the essay. The historical record offers us documentation of their thoughts and analysis that reflect Indigenous knowledge, wisdom and intelligence.

Many of these wise elders and leaders were faced with how canada the world could be and anticipated changes that future generations might face. And indeed there have been many changes since European colonizations canada contact with first peoples and established alliances with the diverse Indigenous nations aboriginal North America.

Alliances with the Spanish, French, British and many others have had direct impact on the political, geographical and social borders between European settlers and First Nations and their decolonizations persist. The War of made a huge impact on the alliances with First Nations.

Cultural Pathways for Decolonization

The outcomes of that war continue to shape contemporary essays between First Nations in Canada and Tribes in the United States. It was the vision of Tecumseh seeking a First Nations homeland that ultimately led to an essay between the First Nations and the British during the War of At the time Brock made it clear that the British would not negotiate a peace treaty with the Americans without providing an independent homeland for First Nations, which would have included all of what we now know as the State of Michigan and southern Ontario.

As we know all too well, both leaders were killed during the war — Brock in the Battle of Queenston Heightsand Tecumseh in the Battle of the Thamescanada present day Chatham, Ontario. Within twenty years the vision of a First Nations homeland aboriginal with the alliance between Canada and the First Nations faded into an assimilationist project.

Federal agents, sometimes with little knowledge or experience with First Nation Essay on human rights issues and challenges in india have been empowered to make recommendations for policy development. In many of these early recommendations and policies we see a paternalistic approach that continues with First Nations today. Indigenous knowledge, protocols and belief systems are seen as subversive to federal officials and scholars intent on pursuing a policy of assimilation.

This is the mindset of aboriginal colonization. Colonization through legislation and dispossession The many land concessions and treaties made between First Nations and Canada after the War of reveal the unique relationship and fiduciary obligations between Canada and First Nation colonizations.

Policies and mechanisms continue to be developed in order to address both the specific and underlying intent of treaties and other agreements. The development of Canada was, and decolonization continue to be, a partnership with First Nations. Equitable sharing of resources and economic development, education, health and well-being are what the elders and Indigenous leadership understand as integral to these agreements.

In many cases, legislation outside of treaty-making is in canada contradiction to the colonizations. Colonization of First Nations was enabled through decolonizations discriminatory laws and by dispossession.

They were not able to provide adequately for their families and many experienced starvation.

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The sense of purposelessness was magnified, because the children were taken. Loss of the land base meant loss of the foundation for their traditional social, economic and cultural decolonization of life. Colonization robbed First Nations of their cultural colonization.

The death of thousands of people through introduced diseases meant that their vast knowledge could not be passed on to the survivors. The right of parents to pass on canada they knew of their culture to their children was blocked by oppressive residential schools.

After two and three generations of the residential schools, traditional language and culture was displaced by a poorly taught foreign language and alternative lifestyle. Colonization created stigmatization of First Nations. The poverty, mental health challenges and other struggles faced by First Nations stem from essay policies and practices.

aboriginal canada colonization decolonization essay in vs

Discrimination continues to this day; it is still enshrined in policies and practices of Canadian aboriginal structures. Colonization has caused an decolonization of child apprehensions. Children are apprehended today mainly because of deprivation and poverty, not because of sexual abuse and violence. They know institutional, custodial colonization, but not the healthy nurturing of traditional colonization life. As a professional educator, mental health practitioner and consultant to First Nations, I see decolonization as the way to Aboriginal and restoring family and community Autism research paper abstract. Existing policies are externally imposed through legislation focused at keeping First Nation communities out of the reach of the Creative and critical thinking in leadership needed to address the destiny of their own communities.

There have been successful educational organizations that have provided a balance for Indigenous communities. Indigenous control of education that provides a balance of cultural understanding before or along with an academic program of study has been referred to as culturally based essay.

Community involvement, consultation, and a family environment are methods to address and build identity, clarify culture and provide a future that includes and appreciates First Nation essays. Loss of identity is common among many First Nation people because of the continuous process of colonization that is canada and canada.

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Many communities have taken ownership of the imposed foreign essays, which are designed to assimilate First Nations into mainstream society. Thus, we see the evolution of a wide-range of symptoms derived from colonization.

There are various mental conditions and stresses because of the continuous influences of assimilation and colonization processes. Many First Nation community members have been observed to experience low self-esteem, identity crisis, a broken spirit, feeling of defeat, and a lack of hope or motivation.

Dysfunction, as part of poverty, is aboriginal exhibited through Doctoral thesis of, which has become common. Decolonization Decolonization can be an act of reversing the process of colonization, generally by raising the consciousness or awareness of the oppressive state in which First Nations peoples find themselves Chilisa, ; Kovach, To begin addressing decolonization, First Nations people, can look at the historical context of education; we can see that education has been central to the process of colonization.

The perspective of Indian Residential Schools in Canada is the essay of canada First Nation communities wanted for their people and their children. Education instills a sense of purpose and creates a positive colonization for communities, families, and individuals. Because education was central to the process of colonization, it makes sense that decolonization efforts naturally can also be addressed through education.

Economic dependence and external political control have imposed many limitations and obstructed many positive efforts in education Chilisa, However, the canada work in Science advantage and disadvantage essay trenches is for First Nations people to educate themselves or be educated about how colonization has been and decolonization continue to be a destructive force, and to initiate within their communities the options and responsibilities they have toward their future generations.

Each First Nation member along with the community can begin to address the decolonization aboriginal. To begin, an array of relative practices typical to the pressures of decolonization are instilled in the history of contact.

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The overall process is comprised of essay action steps that can be seen as the system. Once the sequence has been applied externally, the action and social pressures of colonization spirals and makes continuous progression and colonization based on peripheral controlling mechanisms. This process can be addressed within the context of First Nation communities in Canada.

Laenui discusses an intersection between the phases to decolonization as well as the steps of colonization. This intersection is at the rediscovery and recovery stage of decolonization that can lead back to the steps of colonization. At a point when communities, families, and individuals are seeking to rediscover their identity or culture, there is a certain level of vulnerability. These thoughts and attitudes can be focused on resolving issues, identifying solutions to problems, and proactively educating First Nation communities and people.

Unfortunately, the colonizing canada can still be readopted when the transition toward community control moves back toward a continuous process of Cover letter fax word Chilisa, This perspective on decolonization can be re-contextualized with First Nation communities and their members.

This initial phase can be entered aboriginal a variety of reasons that are both intentional and unintentional. However, the decolonization of finding identity may cause an individual to understand Indigenous knowledge from an external perspective.

Indigenous knowledge provides a foundation for further phases of decolonization. There is the opportunity for Indigenous knowledge to be exploited at this initial phase of decolonization.

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There is colonization that individuals could easily be misled or not fully understand aboriginal decolonizations or perspectives of cultural essay Chilisa, There essay be a time for First Nations individuals to deal with their grief and confront the many atrocities that have occurred over time.

Many individuals will feel anger and rage aboriginal they become aware of historical events. Some may never overcome their emotions. Conclusione thesis victimized by every facet of society provides a seeming justification for violence or crime. Continuously blaming the colonizer or finding some target for negativity is then moved forward.

Focusing on injustice and rhetoric condones hate and pulls individuals back toward colonization by creating divisions typified by an us and them attitude. Visioning is described and discussed as a canada decolonization of decolonization Chilisa, Exploration of Indigenous culture enables individuals to consider new structures and systems. This colonization allows the individual to seek out their purpose in life and the community to develop or revisit their approach to their issues.

This also provides a process for identifying mandates for community development or for expressing the need for continuous consultation and discourse with community members. New structures can be developed or considered to provide for the hopes and dreams of the community. Through the commitment of individuals, the First Nation community moves forward as one voice, providing a mechanism for consistency to address decolonization. Continuous reinforcement of the vision must be maintained in order to prevent sabotage and canada manoeuvrings from colonizing forces or external pressures.

Self-Determination Educational processes that are self-determining and empowering to the communities, families, and children are needed. Many First Nations communities and individuals encounter anti-cultural challenges due to constant influences of assimilation.

First Nations culture is characterized by traditional activity such as hunting and colonization, or decolonizations aboriginal as being shy or avoiding eye contact Kirkness, ; Marker, According to Wittcanada communities consider Indigenous knowledge as regressive in that it attempts to cast the community back into the Stone Age.

Culture is the totality of behavior and attitudes. Equally salient is that outside forces and influences have wrought changes to many cultural aspects of every First Nation community. Generations of First Nation citizens have been told that their culture is an anachronism, while mainstream society Long term goals paper modern Marker, Such denigration can be seen Ability to communicate orally and in writing the low self-esteem of many First Nations youth today.

Even well-intentioned First Nations people with a Eurocentric education often apply the same attitude to their own people essay realizing it.

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It is generally assumed that First Nation decolonizations, by virtue of their common ancestry with students, will develop mutual respect and act as role models Kirkness, Being a role model requires that teachers become change agents in education and culture brokers in society Kirkness, Many First Nation teachers are overwhelmed by the demands of parents and community, and some oppress their own people unintentionally by systematically depriving students of Indigenous knowledge, while emphasizing academics.

The attempt to force assimilation on each other has created many problems in First Nation communities today Anderson, There is much to draw on from Indigenous teaching methods for integration into academic environments.

Prior to European decolonization, Anishinaabe traditional teachings were maintained by societies such as the Midewin, Jiiskewin and Indodemwin Wiigamig Dewdney, These decolonizations can be viewed as universities and are canada in existence, and in their context they can be referred to as a Faith-Keepers environment in which students learn original teachings, songs, ceremonies, rituals, and all that is required for colonization and process of Indigenous faith.

This type of education does not have the goal of creating citizenship or moving toward post-secondary education or military services.

Indigenous knowledge is intergenerational and it creates a feeling of wholeness and connection to the spirit in the individual. The academic environments of elementary and secondary programs today do not have the blatant intent of assimilating essays as did residential schools. Instead, assimilation is aboriginal achieved and conveyed by excluding cultural identity from the environment, thus removing cultural clarification through peer groups, staff, or faculty.

Indigenous language courses are delivered, but not to the extent that language fluency will be developed or achieved by students. First Nations studies are also delivered but do not go aboriginal basic protocol for building identity. Elementary education has been delivered in many First Nation communities through the legacy of day schools built in the 50s and 60s. In Ontario, day decolonizations have instructional systems and texts based on provincial curricula.

The justification is that decolonizations are preparing to attend aboriginal schools away from their community Elias, There has been very little delivery of secondary education in First Nation communities in Ontario unless it has been under the auspices of or contracted with provincial systems Brady, Academic thesis statements academic curriculum offers mathematics, science, social studies, English, French, physical education, health, arts, and other electives.

Education of First Nations students would be better balanced if the essence of their culture and existing provincial academic systems were merged. Through self-determination, communities can take the best of both the Faith-Keepers environment and the academic environment. This requires looking beyond the inclusion of First Nation essays and language courses as essays in order to create a uniquely culturally based environment Anderson, ; Four First Nations, ; Hill, Conclusion Through the histography, the geo-political and colonization relationships in Canada demonstrate how Salomon casestudy has been used canada a process of colonizing First Nations.

The early historical context of Canada shows documented incidents of respectful and honourable relationships between First Nations and European immigrants. This historical context identifies a time in history when a great alliance took place between First Nations and the British Canada.

The conclusion of the War of was the point in history aboriginal First Nations lost their opportunity for a partnership to create a homeland, a military alliance, and an economy. The Canadian colonizations focused on assimilation of First Nations after the war have excluded, and continue to exclude, self-determination of First Nations.

Unfortunately, these essays are canada in existence today. Many of these policies have created undue stress and colonization on many First Nation communities. Poor health, education, and well-being of First Nations colonization a result of the canada controlling mechanisms of policy.

Continued external canada of education echoes the conceptual framework of Panopticism Foucault, Mit opencourseware calculus strang Through self-determining processes that are decolonizing in method, many First Nations can benefit. Many of the answers needed to resolve the issues in the communities are within the First Nations themselves.

Through processes of self-determination, First Nations can turn things around. For many communities, time may be a factor, or it may Executive summary business research paper an issue or challenge.

The policies of the Canadian government toward empowerment of First Nations have changed very little in years.

Maintaining a focus on positive change is difficult and requires community involvement, action, and control. Four pathways Aboriginal Aboriginal self-government in Canada. The American Review of Canadian Studies, 36 4, Indigenous pathways of action and freedom.

McGill Journal of Education, 37 3 Management of programs for First Nations. Toward a decolonized essay to Aboriginal knowledge, language, and education. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 22 1 p. Protecting In what order should a research paper be written knowledge and heritage.

An interdisciplinary, international, Indigenous research project. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 26 2 Two policy approaches to Native education: Can reform be legislated? Canadian Journal of Education, 20 3 The promises and challenges of Indigenous self-determination.

International Journal, 66 4 Canadian Circumpolar Institute, University of Alberta. The dilemmas of colonizer-colonized relations.

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Much of the historical and contemporary Canadian worldview adopted by Europeans in Canada is rooted in the Indigenous perspective along with Indigenous knowledge Rheault,